Burundi is a small country located in East Africa where it is considered to be the Heart of Africa. The capital of Burundi was originally Bujumbura, but it was changed to Gitega. Kirundi, Swahili, French, and English are the main languages the citizens of the country use and speak. Bordered by Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania; Burundi is about 10,747 square miles compared to others, which makes Burundi a small but powerful nation. In 1962, Burundi gained independence from Belgium
Aside from Burundi being a small country, there are a lot of hidden treasures that the Heart of Africa has to offer; one being climate. Burundi’s climate would be described as a tropical feel. The high elevation produces cool temperatures throughout the country. Annual precipitation can range from about 60-70 inches per year.
The main source of income for many families is through agriculture and livestock. Burundian farmers take pride in cultivating and working their land to grow things such as grains, beans, coffee, tea, sugar, vegetables, and fruit mangoes.
Burundi remains primarily a rural society, with just 13.4% of the population living in urban areas in 2019. The population density of around 315 people per square kilometer (753 per sq mi) is the second-highest in Sub-Saharan Africa. Roughly 85% of the population are of Hutu ethnic origin, 15% are Tutsi, and fewer than 1% are indigenous Twa. The official languages of Burundi are Kirundi, French, and English, Kirundi being recognized officially as the sole national language.
One of the smallest countries in Africa, Burundi's land is used mostly for subsistence agriculture and grazing, which has led to deforestation, soil erosion, and habitat loss. As of 2005 the country was almost completely deforested, with less than 6% of its land covered by trees and over half of that being commercial plantations. In addition to poverty, Burundians often have to deal with corruption, weak infrastructure, poor access to health and education services, and hunger. Burundi is densely populated and many young people emigrate in search of opportunities elsewhere.
Burundi is among the poorest nations on earth, with a GDP per capita of US$267, the country’s 10.16 million people are among the poorest in the world. Burundi ranked 180 out of 186 in the last Human Development Index.
As much as 89% of the active population depends on farming a territory as densely populated as Belgium. Coffee, once the proud main export of Burundi, was controversially privatized in 2008 and has been declining for 20 years. Tea and cotton, the other traditional exports, are also in poor shape.
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Burundi / https://www.indexmundi.com/burundi/